Agnes Adhani


The study discusses Short Message Services (SMS’s) used to express “Happy Idul Fitri” in relation to politeness principle and cooperative principle.
The aims of the research are (1) to describe the way of writing the SMS’s, (2) to explain the sentence variety of the SMS’s, (3) to describe the language used in the SMS’s, (4) to explain the variety of relation between the writers and the reader of the SMS’s, and (5) to describe communicative act found in the SMS’s.
This research is descriptive-qualitative in nature. The data are 54 SMS’s used to express “Happy Idul Fitri” in 2011. The SMS’s were received by the reseacher from her friends and colleagues. All of the SMS’s were analyzed to reveal the five aims of the research as stated above.
The expressions of “Happy Idul Fitri” are found in the initial, middle, and final parts of the SMS’s. Some of them made use of associative language.
Due to their variety, the sentences applied in the SMS’s expressing “Happy Idul Fitri” are (1) declarative, (2) imperative, and (3) exclamatory.
The languages used in the SMS’s include (1) Indonesian, (2) Indonesian-Arabic, (3) Indonesian-Javanese, (4) Javanese, (5) Indonesian-English, and (6) Indonesian-Arabic-English.
While, the relations between the writers and the reader of the SMS’s are of five kinds, namely (1) intimate parallel, (2) respectful parallel, (3) lower respectful writers, (4) lower intimate writers, and (5) neutral parallel.
The variety of communicative act used in the SMS’s comprises (1) to express “Happy Idul Fitri”, (2)to apologize, (3) to expect, and (4) to thank.

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